Last Friday, I blogged, “I’m doubtful there were as many as 100,000 home children, as properly defined, who arrived in Canada between 1869 and the start of WW2.”
I’ve now come across the following from the 1930 Annual Report of the Department of Immigration and Colonization.
The total to 1930 of 95,016 emigrated by the various agencies is more than I anticipated. Add to it 1,018 names included in the LAC database to 1939 and the total is 96,034. Not quite 100,000, but close.
Those are the official figures. They must be the truth is they come from the government!
Are they actualy children as described by the column heading?
A sample passenger list for 1900 showed 2.2 percent were age 19 of older. If applicable to the whole it reduces the total to an estimated 93,900.
In Britain the Elementary Education Act (1870) required that children aged between five and 13 should be able to attend a school. In 1880 a further Education Act made school attendance compulsory between the ages of five and ten.
Older than 13 and they would be expected to enter the workforce, as did both my parents in the late 1920s.
It’s debateable whether those past the school leaving age were properly classed as children. About 20% of that 1900 group were beyond school leaving age. The terminology used for those older was often juveniles or young people.